Chromosomes are long, organized strands of DNA and proteins found in your cells. These strands dictate all the processes that occur in your cells. At each end of every chromosome strand, you have a telomere. Telomeres are like the caps on our chromosomes inside the DNA. Telomeres keep the chromosomes intact and from becoming frayed. Each time the cell divides, the nerve endings get frayed and the telomeres get shorter, which means important DNA information is lost during each cell division. Shortened telomeres are linked to aging and degeneration.